Electric field Intensity due to a uniformly charged ring
Electric field Intensity due to a uniformly charged ring can be evaluated at two points, one at its Centre and other at a point on its axis.
Case i :- Electric field Intensity due to a uniformly charged ring at its Centre
Here by symmetry we can say that electric field intensity at Centre due to every small segment on ring is cancelled by the electric field intensity at Centre due to the segment exactly opposite to it. The electric field intensity at Centre due to segment AB is cancelled by that due to segment CD. Thus net electric field intensity at the Centre of a uniformly charged ring is E0=0
Case ii :- Electric field Intensity due to a uniformly charged ring at a point on it’s axis
Here we’ll find the electric field intensity at a point P due to a uniformly charged ring which is situated at a distance x from the center “O” of the ring. For this we consider two diametrically opposite small sections of equal length dl (in blue color) on ring as shown in figure below.
The charge on these elemental sections is given by
Where Q = total charge on the ring
Due to the element dl, electric field strength dE at point P can be given by
The component of this field intensity dE sinθ which is normal to the axis of ring will be cancelled out due to the ring’s diametrically opposite section’s field component dE’ sinθ.
The component of electric field intensity along the axis of ring dEcosθ due to all the sections will be added up. Hence total electric field intensity at point P due to the ring is given by :-
In vector form,